Cisco Systems (CSCO) Q1 2021 Earnings Call Transcript

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Cisco Systems (NASDAQ:CSCO)
Q1 2021 Earnings Call
Nov 12, 2020, 4:30 p.m. ET

Contents:

  • Prepared Remarks
  • Questions and Answers
  • Call Participants

Prepared Remarks:

Operator

Welcome to Cisco’s first quarter fiscal year 2021 financial results conference call. At the request of Cisco, today’s conference is being recorded. [Operator instructions] Now I would like to introduce Marilyn Mora, head of investor relations. Ma’am, you may begin.

Marilyn MoraHead of Investor Relations

Thanks, Michelle. Welcome, everyone, to Cisco’s first quarter fiscal 2021 quarterly earnings conference call. This is Marilyn Mora, head of investor relations, and I’m joined by Chuck Robbins, our chairman and CEO; and Kelly Kramer, our CFO. By now, you should have seen our earnings press release.

A corresponding webcast with slides, including supplemental information, will be made available on our website in the Investor Relations section following the call. As is customary, in Q1, we have made certain reclassifications to prior period amounts to conform to the current period’s presentation. Income statements full GAAP to non-GAAP reconciliation information, balance sheets, cash flow statements and other financial information can also be found in the Financial Information section of our Investor Relations website. Throughout this conference call, we will be referencing both GAAP and non-GAAP financial results and will discuss product results in terms of revenue and geographic and customer results in terms of product orders, unless stated otherwise.

All comparisons made throughout this call will be on a year-over-year basis. The matters we will be discussing today include forward-looking statements, including the guidance we will be providing for the second quarter of fiscal 2021. They are subject to the risks and uncertainties, including COVID-19, that we discuss in detail in our documents filed with the SEC, specifically the most recent report on Form 10-K, which identifies important risk factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in the forward-looking statements. With respect to guidance, please also see the slides and press release that accompany this call for further details.

Cisco will not comment on its financial guidance during the quarter unless it is done through an explicit public disclosure. With that, I’ll now turn it over to Chuck.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Marilyn. First, I want to start off by saying I hope everyone is safe and healthy. I also want to thank our employees for their dedication to our customers and their relentless focus on innovation. Cisco is off to a solid start in fiscal 2021, and I am proud of these results.

Our teams are executing with excellence, and we continue to make steady progress on our shift to a software and subscription-driven model. We are encouraged by the signs of improvement in our business as we continue to navigate the pandemic and other macro uncertainties. Our focus is on winning with a differentiated innovation portfolio, long-term growth and being a trusted technology partner for our customers. Over the last few quarters, we’ve successfully adjusted to new demands by making necessary changes in shifts within our business.

We remain closely aligned with our customers to provide them with the mission-critical technology they need to stay resilient and move toward adopting new hybrid work models. In fact, we see many great opportunities ahead as every company and every industry is accelerating its digital-first strategy. Our customers are rethinking how they support and serve their customers and their employees. They need speed, agility and simplicity.

Many customers have shared with me that they are compressing years of work into just a few months. This is why we are driving new innovation that helps our customers connect, secure and automate their environments at a faster pace than ever before. With the right technology and tools, we can be even more effective and productive, and that’s what we intend to deliver for our customers. Going forward, we are focused on building innovation that helps our customers and Cisco thrive in a hybrid cloud world.

As we think about the next few years, there are six key areas we are focused on. First is delivering optimized application experiences for our customers. The application is the lifeline for all organizations and is increasingly how end users access their products and consume their services. Second is continuing to deliver the secure networking capabilities that Cisco is trusted for as a service, offering even greater simplicity and automation.

The third area is focused on helping communications providers succeed with significant architectural transitions like 400 gig and 5G. These will be done with a combination of our software assets, silicon and optics capabilities as well as complete integrated systems. We will deliver these technologies on-prem as well as from the cloud. Fourth is accelerating the future of work.

As many enterprises look to adopt new hybrid work models with more remotely distributed workers than before, we are focused on helping them deliver consistent experiences, whether working remotely or in the office, from connectivity to collaboration to security. Fifth is supporting our customers with their mission of securing everything they do. We will continue to deliver the end-to-end intelligent security architecture designed to keep their data private and their people secure. And the final area is around developing edge technologies that allow application developers to run distributed applications while securely accessing and managing distributed data.

We believe that these key areas will drive our growth and success over the coming years. Now let me share more on our Q1 results. As I mentioned earlier, we saw encouraging signs of improvement in certain areas of our business. Some large customers who are already in the midst of modernizing their infrastructure continue to do so, as we’ve seen with the ongoing success of the Catalyst 9000.

Webex, our security solutions and business resiliency offers, also saw strong growth as our customers are trusting us with their most critical projects. We are succeeding in transforming our business model with 78% of our software revenue now sold as a subscription, and we saw double-digit growth in our deferred product revenue. As I mentioned on the last call, you will see us deliver more of our technology as a service to provide more choice and flexibility across our entire portfolio. Our new technology pipeline remains strong as we continue to accelerate our pace of innovation.

At our recent Partner Summit, we introduced a number of new technology solutions that help our customers adapt, accelerate and simplify their operations through new agile automation platforms. Relative to our infrastructure platforms, our Cat 9K family of switches and Meraki cloud-based platforms continued to perform well as our customers build highly secure, resilient and scalable networks as the foundation for their digital strategies. Our customers are also increasingly running applications across multiple cloud environments, and this requires next-generation architectures with automation, security and insights. We recently announced new cloud and SD-WAN platform innovations to help our customers connect, secure and automate across their hybrid environments with greater visibility into their applications.

We are making great strides with our web-scale customers with our fourth consecutive quarter of strong double-digit growth. This reflects their belief in our strategy going forward and their ongoing commitment to invest with us to build out their future architectures. We also continue to help our customers operate in a multi-cloud environment and optimize our overall cloud experience. In Q1, we extended these capabilities through Cisco’s Cloud OnRamp solutions, which deeply integrate cloud services from AWS, Google and Microsoft to better enable end-to-end visibility and manageability of their distributed applications.

In security, we delivered another solid quarter of growth driven by our broad cloud-native portfolio. SecureX, which offers a simplified security experience, saw strong adoption as it has been deployed across more than 4,000 organizations since it became globally available in June. As our customers’ employees remain working from home, they are looking to bolster their existing security efforts with unified user and end point protection. We continue to benefit from the shift to cloud-based security capabilities and had robust growth in our secure remote worker offer that includes Duo, Umbrella and AnyConnect.

Our customers are also looking for highly secure, high-speed, low-latency connectivity to the Internet. This is leading to the convergence of networking and security services in the cloud to securely connect any user or device to any application to provide the best experience. Our world-class security team recently delivered new innovations, including Extended Detection and Response, Zero Trust and Secure Access Services Edge. By combining our leading solutions, SD-WAN and Umbrella, with our new secure Internet gateway capabilities, our customers can deploy solutions to enable their users to simply and securely access cloud workloads and SaaS applications.

Moving to our Collaboration portfolio. Business continuity and resiliency remain top of mind for our customers. Organizations are focused on creating flexible work environments to drive productivity while ensuring their employees remain safe. The future of work will be a hybrid model, with employees both in the office and at home, and we are leading in this area.

Our Collaboration portfolio is empowering organizations and teams to be more productive and secure as they adapt to new business, healthcare and learning models. We are providing seamless collaboration with anyone anywhere while enabling consistent experiences for hybrid workplaces and continuing our leadership in security. Cisco Webex saw significant increased usage and solid adoption as customers look to us for a flexible work solution that also enables privacy and security. Whether at home or in the office, our customers need a solution that brings together meetings, calling, file sharing and messaging with a simple and highly secure user experience.

Last month alone, Webex had nearly 600 million participants, almost double the number we had in March. We recently launched new return-to-office solutions that provide actionable workplace analytics with Webex Room Navigator and integrated collaboration device sensors that help ensure a safe working environment. We are also accelerating our innovation with new offerings such as Webex Legislate to keep critical functions of global governments running along with capabilities like breakout rooms, virtual huddle spaces and noise cancellation. We are reimagining every aspect of the Collaboration experience with built-in AI technology, security and integrated workflow applications to create a more intelligent work environment and to improve productivity.

Lastly, AppDynamics. Our customers are moving to highly distributed cloud-native applications, which require greater observability in insights. By combining AppDynamics and ThousandEyes, our cloud-based networking and monitoring platform, we are delivering full-stack observability to help our customers better manage their applications and improve their digital experiences through end-to-end visibility, deep insights and automated action. Now I want to share more on our CFO transition.

On our last call, I shared that our CFO, Kelly Kramer, had decided to retire from Cisco. Today, I’m excited that Scott Herren will be joining Cisco as our new executive vice president and chief financial officer beginning December 18. Most recently, Scott served as a CFO for Autodesk. He brings an incredible background in software and helped lead Autodesk’s successful business model transformation from perpetual licenses to SaaS and subscription software.

As we continue our strong progress on our business model shift and sell more of our solutions as a service, Scott’s depth of expertise in this area will help us accelerate our transition. He also has strong experience operating in complex global business environments at scale and a track record of profitable business growth, focused team building and prudent financial controls. I have no doubt that he will contribute to and foster the culture we are also proud of here at Cisco. I want to thank Kelly once again for being such a great partner and for the role she has played in our transition.

We will certainly miss her, but we’re very excited to have Scott in his role and as part of our team. In summary, we are encouraged by the start to the year. I’m proud of our progress, both in our own transformation and in how we are empowering customers to accelerate their own digital strategies. We have a clear vision and strategy, and I feel very good about our portfolio and the innovation we are driving.

Our customers want partners they can trust as well as choice and flexibility in how they purchase, consume and implement technology based on their own individual needs. These anchors of trust, innovation and choice are core to who we are in Cisco. As we focus on growing our business, we remain guided by our purpose to power an inclusive future for all. We know that pervasive access to technology and connectivity directly impacts economic growth and enables key core human needs like healthcare and education.

We know that technology can help solve some of the world’s biggest challenges, and we are more committed than ever to building an inclusive future in which everyone can thrive. I’ll now turn it over to Kelly.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Thanks, Chuck. I also want to congratulate Scott on his new role. I’ve had the chance to spend some time with him, and I’m super excited. I think this is a very positive news for Cisco, and he will be a great addition to the team.

Also, thanks to you, Chuck. It’s been a great time working with you over the years. Now let me provide a summary of our financial results for the quarter, followed by guidance for Q2. Our overall Q1 must reflect good execution with strong margins in a challenging environment.

Total revenue was $11.9 billion, down 9% year over year. Our non-GAAP operating margin rate was 32.7%, down 0.9 points. Non-GAAP net income was $3.2 billion, down 11%. And non-GAAP EPS was $0.76, down 10%.

Let me provide more detail on our Q1 revenue. Total product revenue was down 13% to $8.6 billion. Infrastructure Platforms was down 16%. As a reminder, this is the product area most impacted by the COVID environment.

We saw declines across switching, routing, data center and wireless driven primarily by the weakness we saw in the enterprise and commercial markets. We continue to see growth of the Cat 9K and the ramp of our Wi-Fi 6 products. Data center revenue declined driven by servers. Applications was down 8%.

We did continue to see strong growth in Webex with the importance of remote working. This was offset by declines in Unified Communications and TelePresence end points. Security was up 6%. Our Cloud Security portfolio performed well with strong double-digit growth and continued momentum with our Duo and Umbrella offerings.

Service revenue was up 2% driven by growth in our maintenance business as well as support services. We continue to transform our business, delivering more software offerings and driving more subscriptions. Software subscriptions were 78% of total software revenue, up seven points year on year. Remaining Performance Obligations, or RPO, at the end of Q1 were $27.5 billion, up 10%.

RPO for product was up 15%, and service was up 8%. The continued growth in RPO demonstrates the strength of our portfolio in software and services. In terms of orders in Q1, total products orders were down 5%. Looking at our geographies, the Americas was down 5% and EMEA was down 1% and APJC was down 14%.

Total emerging markets were down 15%, with the BRICs plus Mexico down 19%. In our customer segments, Public Sector was up 5%, Enterprise was down 15%, Commercial was down 8% and Service Provider was down 5%. From a non-GAAP profitability perspective, total Q1 gross margin was 65.8%, down 0.1 points; product gross margin was 65.3%, down 0.8 points; and service gross margin was 67.1%, up 1.7 points year over year. In terms of the bottom line from a GAAP perspective, Q1 net income was $2.2 billion, and EPS was $0.51.

GAAP results include restructuring charges of $602 million related to the plan we announced in Q1. We ended Q1 with total cash, cash equivalents and investments of $30 billion. Operating cash flow was $4.1 billion, up 14%. From a capital allocation perspective, we returned $2.3 billion to shareholders during the quarter that was comprised of $0.8 billion of share repurchases and $1.5 billion for our quarterly dividend.

Let me reiterate our guidance for the second quarter of fiscal ’21. This guidance is subject to the disclaimer regarding forward-looking information that Marilyn referred to earlier. We expect revenue to be in the range of flat to minus 2% year over year. We anticipate the non-GAAP gross margin rate to be in the range of 64% to 65%.

The non-GAAP operating margin rate is expected to be in the range of 32% to 33%, and the non-GAAP tax provision rate is expected to be 19%. Non-GAAP earnings per share is expected to range from $0.74 to $0.76. I’ll now turn it back to Marilyn so we can move into the Q&A.

Marilyn MoraHead of Investor Relations

Thanks, Kelly. [Operator instructions] Michelle, I’ll turn it over to you.

Questions & Answers:

Operator

Thank you. Ittai Kidron from Oppenheimer, you may go ahead.

Ittai KidronOppenheimer and Company — Analyst

Hey, guys. Good to see some stability in the business. I guess just a couple of things for me. Chuck, when you look at the Enterprise, orders were quite significantly down.

Should we gather from your tone that you think that reverses? Where is the bottom on order patterns and as you look to the rest of the fiscal year, i.e., the sequential improvement that you’re looking for? And then, Kelly, just a clarification on RPO. Can you tell us if duration — how duration is changing? It’s hard to reconcile this if the duration is changing from quarter to quarter.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Ittai, thanks for the comments and the question. So on the enterprise side, I’m not too concerned about it, honestly. We did have some pretty significant compares from the year earlier, which contributed to that. But the thing that I would call out is we saw a pretty significant improvement in our commercial orders.

I think that we’re minus 23% last quarter in the midst of the whole SMB meltdown that we knew was going on, and it was minus 8% this quarter. And I’ll tell you in the U.S., it was even a greater improvement from that. So that gives us a fair amount of optimism. I think the enterprise thing is going to be fine.

There’s — again, we had some compare issues that I think just resulted in the math, but I don’t see anything that concerns me there.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

And on RPO, Ittai, the duration hasn’t changed much since we started reporting this over a year ago. About half — slightly more than half of the total balance will get recognized in the next 12 months, and the rest is longer term.

Ittai KidronOppenheimer and Company — Analyst

Very good. And it’s been a pleasure, Kelly. Good luck going forward.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Thank you, Ittai. Appreciate it.

Operator

Paul Silverstein from Cowen and Company.

Paul SilversteinCowen and Company — Analyst

First off, Kelly, I just wanted to thank you for your help over the years and wish you all good things going forward. In terms of questions, first off, Kelly, can you update us on what you’re seeing in the pricing environment? And the bigger question is, Chuck, to the statement you just made in terms of improvement in Commercial as well as Enterprise, you’ve been talking for a while, obviously, about the benefit of remote work as well as the offset the challenge presented by, assuming we go back to the 21st century, there’s going to be organizations that leave a certain percentage of their workforce at home. And with fewer or smaller offices, headquarters, branch remote, fewer workers in those offices, one would think that would be a challenge for switching and enterprise routing and wireless line access points. Any insight you can offer on that particular dynamic from a longer-term perspective?

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Let me take that first, and then Kelly can get to the pricing question. So Paul, I think if you look at commercial, a lot of that recovery was actually driven by collaboration and security on a global basis. And so we feel good about that.

I think that we also talked about that Cat 9K continued to show strength with double-digit demand growth. And it — and so what we think is going to happen is when customers go back, they are going to ensure that they have robust infrastructure. They’re going to need to deal with social distancing issues. We think that in our Collab portfolio, you’re going to see customers put high-definition video in every conference room.

We have technology that we built in that I’ve actually seen working this week where we have sensors in the units that not only will you have high-definition video, but we have sensors in the units that actually monitor how many people are in a room, and you get warnings if you’re exceeding whatever capacity the company has defined for that room. And so we think that the safety aspect of it will be helpful, too. So I think it’s still TBD on what really happens in this space because I think 90 days to 120 days ago, there was this belief that we were going to shut down every headquarters and building in the world. And now I think people know that it’s going to be a balance going back.

So we’ve got the Cat 9K and Wi-Fi 6, which are the future modern platforms that companies have been moving to, that continue to show strength. And so while we have to wait and see, we’re optimistic about it.

Paul SilversteinCowen and Company — Analyst

And Kelly, on pricing?

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Yes, sure, on pricing. And thanks for the kind of words there, Paul. I appreciate it. On pricing, I’d say our Q1 pricing is in our normal range.

From a product gross margin walk perspective, the rate impact, the numbers that we usually talk about, it was down 1.8 points, which as you know, is in our normal kind of operating range. And just as a reminder, we’ve annualized all of the price increases we did a year ago for the List 4 tariffs. So now this is kind of where we’re stated. But I’m happy to see where we are this quarter on pricing and even sequentially from Q4, it’s better.

So we’re stable.

Paul SilversteinCowen and Company — Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Rod Hall, you may go ahead, from Goldman Sachs.

Rod HallGoldman Sachs — Analyst

Thanks for the question. I wanted to start off with the mismatch, I guess, of the order rate and the guide. Even at the top end of the guide, revenue is flat but your orders are down 5%. So I’m wondering if you guys could just kind of connect those two dots for us, help us understand why that is.

And then I know, Chuck, you said you’re not that concerned by the Enterprise orders. I mean they did deteriorate quite a bit. Could you go into a little bit more detail on that? What is it that, even though those have deteriorated, you think it’s just a short-term effect? Or kind of what’s going on within that Enterprise segment would be great.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

So yes, I mean the orders versus revenue, I mean, it’s really just timing of when things are and whatnot. I mean it’s no different than I normally go through — we know what’s coming off the balance sheet with all the software, we know what’s in our backlog. So it’s really just the year-over-year compares, so I feel good about the guide and you’re seeing that in there.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. On the enterprise front, I think the real thing that I would point out is there are just a couple of significant transactions. And we see — in our pipeline, we see a robust pipeline right now. We see large transactions showing up again in the funnel, which is positive.

And so if you look at across the core infrastructure, enterprises are going to upgrade their core infrastructure. They’re going to build out a robust on-prem — I mean on-prem, meaning hardware video units when they go back into the offices because everyone — every meeting is going to have remote attendees, and you’re going to have to have it in virtually every conference room. So that’s positive. Everybody is moving to this WAN, rearchitecture with SD-WAN and cloud security.

So I think it’s — the short answer, Rod, is that it’s largely a couple of big deals a year ago. And we see the funnel strengthening, so it’s — that’s what gives me the optimism looking forward.

Rod HallGoldman Sachs — Analyst

OK. Good working with you, Kelly.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Thanks, Rod.

Operator

Thank you. Meta Marshall from Morgan Stanley Investment Research, you may go ahead.

Meta MarshallMorgan Stanley Investment Research — Analyst

Great. Thanks. Chuck, I just wanted to ask maybe how linearity was during the quarter, you were pretty downtrodden on the initial earnings call heading into fiscal Q1? Just when did you start to see that uptick? And then maybe just — are customers needing to be back in the office in order to start thinking about orders? Or have they just accommodated and are starting to make orders while still remote?

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. So I would say that when we did the last earnings call, we had seen actually good demand in couple of weeks of the quarter, but clearly, it was a couple of weeks. And so we — it was not anything that would have given us a trend. But it started — the quarter started and it stayed — it was very linear.

It was not — we saw a decent performance from the beginning, and it stayed pretty, pretty consistent throughout. So that was a good sign for us. And the — I’m sorry, what was the second question?

Meta MarshallMorgan Stanley Investment Research — Analyst

Just in terms of whether people were needing to physically be in the office in order to start thinking about orders.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

No. You know what, I think has happened is, I think, customers have come to grips with the fact that this thing is going to be with us for some period of time. Obviously, we’re optimistic, like everybody else, with some of the vaccines and some of the therapeutics, and that will ultimately help. We’re balancing that, obviously, with the current peaks that we’re seeing all around the world.

But I think customers just basically said we’re not sure when it’s going to get better, but it’s going to get better. And I can’t sit around and do nothing. So what I kind of was hopeful was going to happen, which I think we did see this, is that we had customers who are super focused on getting their employees working from home productively and getting their security set up. I think everyone raced to do that.

And then I think they took a pause, which is what we felt in our last quarter in orders. And then I think they reprioritized what they were going to be spending money on, and I think we started seeing some of that come back. And then — it’s sort of exactly what I expected, but we needed to see it, and we’ll see if it continues. But we’re all dealing with the same macro environment everybody is relative to this virus, but that’s sort of how it played out.

Any comments, Kelly, on the linearity?

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

No. Very good minority.

Meta MarshallMorgan Stanley Investment Research — Analyst

Great. And nice working with you, Kelly.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Thanks.

Operator

Thank you. Tim Long from Barclays, you may go ahead.

Tim LongBarclays — Analyst

Thank you. I’ll offer good luck to you, Kelly, as well. Just wanted to ask on the cloud vertical. Chuck, you mentioned kind of fourth quarter that it was strong.

Can you just talk a little bit about what the products you’re seeing strength there and what kind of breadth across that customer base you’re seeing that strength? And then just a quick follow-up, if you could, on the public sector being up, anything specific or more sustainable to that vertical being one of the better performers? Thank you.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Tim. Yes, in the cloud vertical web-scale space, I think what I’ve said historically is that we’ve been rebuilding these relationships, and we began to see them buying our broader portfolio as a result of them believing in both the fact that we’re going to be there with them and that we were investing in technology that was being built the way that they want to consume it and align to the architectures that they want to build. What I will tell you now is that last December, we had a launch where we talked about disaggregating our software, our hardware and that we would sell our silicon, our optics, we would sell our software stand-alone, we would sell integrated systems, whatever our customers wanted. And I can tell you that we have now won in the web-scale space across every one of those facets.

And so we’ve seen really good progress. And I would say now some of the new technologies that we built and had been testing and positioning are starting to show up very well in the account, so we’re very pleased with it. On the — and the pipeline looks very strong. So on the — in fact, one other comment on that, in the U.S., we saw service provider flat and that — and a lot of that was strength in the MSDC web-scale space.

And in Europe, we saw high-teens growth, and we saw really good MSDC web-scale strength there as well. On the public sector, that was reasonably consistent around the world. And a lot of it was — there was a lot of stimulus that was put in the system by lots of governments around the world. Our federal spending in the U.S.

was strong. We saw K-12 building out a lot of infrastructure for — while students are out there. And E-Rate was strong, for sure, and we think that will stay strong. And then we saw some spending from the CARES Act in the local and municipal governments.

But — and the teams, we spent some time with the leader, particularly in the U.S. this week, and I think he remains fairly bullish.

Tim LongBarclays — Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Jim Suva from Citigroup Investment Research, you may go ahead, sir.

Jim SuvaCitigroup Investment Research — Analyst

Thank you. And Kelly, you will truly be missed. Please keep in touch.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Will do.

Jim SuvaCitigroup Investment Research — Analyst

For either Chuck or Kelly, can you help us reconcile or bridge the gap between Public Sector orders were up 5%, Enterprise was down 15%? Why would one be so much stronger than the other? So I looked back on the year-over-year comps. And last year, Enterprise orders were down 7%, and Public Sector was flattish. So you actually have comps that don’t explain it either. So can you just explain, are there different purchasing decisions? Because everyone is being effective in the world by COVID, so if you can just help us kind of reconcile that a little bit, that would be great.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Well, I think a lot of it is what I just described, right? Public sector around the world saw a lot of stimulus. And in the U.S., in particular, we saw strength, and we saw everything from Department of Defense spending to the local municipal spending. States were slightly weak, but the federal government was good. Local muni was good.

E-Rate kicked in. The new E-Rate program kicked in, Jim, which contributes a lot when that gets going. And that’s sort of early in its next wave. And so — and then we just had the strength in Public Sector in Germany.

And so I think it was just more consistency basically. And outside the U.S., obviously, some healthcare — inside of the U.S., too, there’s a lot of healthcare in there in Public Sector, particularly outside the U.S.

Jim SuvaCitigroup Investment Research — Analyst

Thank you so much for the details and clarifications, Chuck. And bye-bye, Kelly.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Sure, Jim.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Jim.

Operator

Thank you. Tal Liani from Bank of America, you may go ahead, sir.

Tal LianiBank of American Merrill Lynch — Analyst

I’m trying to reconcile your comments to your numbers. Last quarter, you sounded pretty downbeat, highlighting some issues. This quarter, you sound a lot better. But on the — and you talk about growth initiatives.

On the other hand, I look at your numbers, Infrastructure Platforms are down 16% year over year, 15.9%, let’s say 16%. And it’s worse than all of your competitors. If I just look at switching and routing in Juniper and Arista on a global basis, without getting into details of the composition, you’re down more than they are. And the question is, why is it down so much versus competition? Do you feel that there is also share issues, market share shift issues? Can you give us some context about areas where you feel that you’re growing share, maintaining share in areas where you see some challenges?

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. I’ll give you my quick perspective, Tal, and Kelly can add to it. If you look at what really drove that, it was compute, and a lot of it is sort of the pricing that came through compute, which neither of those competitors you mentioned have. Also, just the exposure to data center and campus this past quarter, we talked about.

The broader exposure we have, I think, would be the two things that I would call out. Kelly, do you have anything to add?

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

The only other thing I would call out is some of those companies that you mentioned have different compares than we do from a year ago as well. But Chuck hit it, right? I mean, again, data center, the compute business, has a big impact due to the DRAM pricing, everybody brought pricing down, I know that hurts. And then again, the campus stuff.

Tal LianiBank of American Merrill Lynch — Analyst

Thank you.

Operator

We have Amit Daryanani from Evercore.

Amit DaryananiEvercore ISI — Analyst

Thanks for taking my question guys. I guess my question is really on the top line guide. And Chuck, as I think about the Jan quarter expectation of sales being flat year over year, I think, what we’ve seen in the last few quarters of down 10%, 11%, I think skeptics would say, well, the compares are easy which, mathematically, they are. But it would be helpful to understand what do you think are the top two, three vectors that’s driving this improved revenue trajectory in Jan? And to the extent you can touch on durability of these metrics as we go forward, that would be helpful.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Kelly, do you want to comment?

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Yes. I’ll start and you can add. I’d just say this. Again, back to the earlier point, we have been consistently shifting the revenue mix.

So as you see every quarter, and you can see it in our RPO, we are getting more and more of our revenue coming off the balance sheet with the software mix. We have continued to make progress, as you can see, on the services side where services is still growing for us. And software and services together has become a much bigger part of our portfolio, so that benefits us on the revenue guide. In terms of strength that we see, yes, this Q1 revenue, though we beat what was still a tough Q1, we feel better about what we see in the orders profile.

And again, the growth drivers are the same growth drivers that Chuck talked about. We see real momentum and collaboration on the Webex side. We see real momentum and security. And we’re just — I mean that’s kind of what is driving it.

I don’t know, Chuck, if you want to add anything else.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

And I think also the web scale and the service provider 5G build-outs, we feel like those are going to continue. But I mean the short-term guide is a combination of what’s coming off out of the RPO, what’s in backlog, and then we obviously assess the forecast that the teams put forward and then we put the Kelly and Chuck factor on it. So it is — and it is math to some extent, but I think that some of the things that we talked about earlier are the things that are giving us — I mean it’s hard to say super optimistic because the numbers still aren’t where we want them to be. But relative to where we were 90 days ago and how we felt, or the uncertainty that we felt, we certainly feel like we have a little more visibility now.

Amit DaryananiEvercore ISI — Analyst

Perfect. Nice quarter, guys. And best of luck, Kelly.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Thank you very much.

Operator

Samik Chatterjee from JP Morgan, you may go ahead, sir.

Samik ChatterjeeJ.P. Morgan — Analyst

Hi. Thanks for taking the question. Chuck, in your prepared remarks, you outlined kind of six focus areas that you align the business to, where you’re seeing customer demand come back. If you can share how you’re thinking about rate, kind of investing organically versus where you might kind of need M&A to fill in those priorities? And just I didn’t hear in your prepared remarks anything in relation to plans about like having hardware as a service as some of your peers are trying.

So like, what are your updated thoughts? What are you seeing in terms of customer demand for all those kind of models.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

That’s a great question. So I think on the organic versus inorganic, I should probably clarify that our strategy there hasn’t changed. And I think my comments were either misstated or misconstrued the last time. Some folks thought that we were thinking about some significantly larger acquisition strategy.

Our acquisition strategy hasn’t changed, just to be clear. But we’ll use a combination. I would say that, right now, we’re probably at the peak of internal innovation that we — that I’ve seen for a long time. But if you look at the platform play, the work that our service provider Mass-Scale Infrastructure Group is doing and some of the wins we’re seeing there, the 5G backhaul and packet core wins that we’re seeing, and the — at least the architectural progress we’re making whenever our service provider customers start building out their 5G core stand-alone infrastructure, we feel good about where we are.

So it will be a combination of both. And — but again, it hasn’t changed. As you think about as a service, I do want to delineate between this because there’s this offer in the marketplace today from some of our competitors around consumption-based as a service, and that’s largely around compute. And so you’ll see us with a similar offer.

But more of what I’m talking about is looking at what aspects of our intellectual property can we pull, can we integrate together and can we deliver as a cloud service. So I’m not necessarily talking about selling Ethernet switch ports one port at a time, right, we’re really talking about delivering our core intellectual property. Example, take SD-WAN, cloud security, secure Internet gateway and deliver that capability for our customers as a service in the future, which is high value, very differentiated. Those are the kinds of things we’re thinking — that we’re working through right now, and you’ll see those kind of offers come out from us over the next three, six, nine, 12 months.

Samik ChatterjeeJ.P. Morgan — Analyst

Very helpful. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. Aaron Rakers from Wells Fargo, you may go ahead.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Aaron, we can’t hear you.

Aaron RakersWells Fargo Securities — Analyst

Sorry about that. I was on mute. Congrats on the quarter, and also good luck, Kelly. I guess my question is building on the last question.

As we think about the CFO announcement tonight and we think about subscription now being 78% of the software revenue, how do we think about the progression of deepening subscription across the product portfolio? And how do we think about the renewal cycle of those subscriptions as we move forward?

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

That’s a good question. So I think you’re going to see us continue to add more software assets, both organically and inorganically, as — and most all of those solutions are sold as a service. So I think you’ll see increases from that perspective. I think that you’ll see — on the renewal front, we have a focused effort right now.

I think if you look at our core portfolio where we drove mandatory subscriptions, the first meaningful renewal cycle comes about a year from now — or about next — middle of next year, and our teams are working on that right now as we speak. We currently have renewal motions in place across Collab and across Security, etc. So I think what I would say is that we’ll be looking at more and more of our technology being delivered from the cloud and as a service. So you’ll see that contribute to it as well.

And we’re just going to continue to move forward. And I would say you’re going to continue to see software and services tick up as a percentage of our overall business going forward.

Operator

Thank you. Simon Leopold from Raymond James & Associates, you may go ahead, sir.

Simon LeopoldRaymond James — Analyst

Thank you much for taking the question. Kelly, also I send my congratulations on wherever you go next, and thanks for the help. In terms of the question, I wanted to see if you could talk a little bit about the maturity of the campus refresh in terms of the opportunity in front of you for the Cat 9K as well as whether you’re seeing a benefit from renewals on D&A subscriptions. I assume you’re sort of coming up on that first round of three-year subscriptions coming due.

If you could elaborate on those two. Thanks.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. Thanks, Simon. I would say on the campus refresh. I mean when you look at the Wi-Fi 6, you look at the Cat 9K stuff, we’re still early on, honestly.

And there’s — we have a large installed base out there. And so that’s a multiyear transition that we expect will go on for some period of time going forward. On the D&A renewal stuff, that’s what I was talking about earlier, that it’s really — the first real wave of it hits sometime in ’21 because, if you remember, we launched that in — I think we announced that in the summer of 2017, Kelly, is that right?

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Yes.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

And so that was the beginning of fiscal ’18.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Yes.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

And so when we get to the end of fiscal ’21, and you had a lot of early adopters, and we didn’t hit scale until sort of the middle of the next year, so you’re really talking about getting into FY ’22 when we’ll start to see that come about.

Simon LeopoldRaymond James — Analyst

Great. That’s helpful. Thank you.

Operator

Thank you. James Fish from Piper Sandler, you may go ahead, sir.

James FishPiper Sandler — Analyst

Thanks for the question, and congrats again on the retirement, Kelly. We’re starting to see signs of 5G core spending, and Chuck, you alluded to it here on the call, and also more about the desire for Open RAN. How can Cisco enable more of the Open RAN infrastructure? What are you guys hearing about timing for 5G core spending in terms of materiality now that the first mid-band spectrum auction is through and the second is coming up? And how are you feeling about the products set across infrastructure competitively for 5G. Thanks.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Well, Jim, I would say that the active O-RAN projects around the world, we are deeply in the middle of and have actually seen a lot of benefit from, one in Japan, and there’s a couple of others going on in other places. And we’re in the middle of the pack, the core side of it, we’re in the middle of backhaul, we’re in the middle of infrastructure to support it, we’re in the middle of orchestration layers. And so our teams continue to work on building out our overall stack for how we’ll play in that Open RAN space over time. As it relates to the 5G stuff, you’re right, where we’re seeing benefit today is we’re winning a lot of backhaul opportunities, we’re winning a lot of packet core.

I think we had seven more wins in between those two in the last quarter. And I would say the core stand-alone build-outs are going to largely be dependent upon the enterprise service delivery that we’ve talked about historically, and I still think that’s probably — I think we’re starting to see some early stuff going on around the world. But I think in earnest, I would say that’s going to be — notwithstanding pandemic and everything else, it’s probably going to be starting middle of next year, and it will take several years. But again, there’s a lot of variables that can move that either way.

James FishPiper Sandler — Analyst

Understood. Thanks, Chuck.

Operator

Thank you. Sami Badri from Credit Suisse, you may go ahead.

Sami BadriCredit Suisse — Analyst

Thank you very much for fitting me. And I just wanted to touch up a little bit on the Public Sector order strength. Is this something that can consistently be growing from a product orders and strength perspective in at least the upcoming quarters? Or was it just strong this quarter because the government’s fiscal year closed in the September quarter and, therefore, there was a big uptick offsetting some of the dynamics? And then just as a kind of a follow-up here, is there — have you guys been able to go through the commercial and the federal segments and determine whether CARES funding or stimulus funding was able to fund some of the reversals and dynamics that you guys saw in the quarter and then that essentially led to a better guide than what consensus was modeling? That’s — if you can hit those two questions and that would be great.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Thanks, Sami. I’d say on Public Sector, we feel pretty good about it actually. And when we talk to our leaders around the world, that is one area that is pretty consistent, that most of them feel pretty good about and particularly in the U.S. where it’s a big piece of the business regardless of administration, right? It’s — there’s different priorities, but they’re all dependent upon tech, and — so that’s good.

On the Commercial and Federal segments, I think what I would say is that, I would say, in Commercial, I would assume that there was some aspect of that. But I think looking at the Collaboration and Security spending, I think just a lot of those midsized enterprises were really just putting themselves in a position to continue operating in this new world we’re living in right now as much as anything. I’m not sure it’s significant. I’ll let Kelly comment and see if she thinks.

But we did have — the comment that I made earlier that our federal team did say that the stimulus was positive, E-Rate was positive, and then we saw some local muni buying that was — they felt like was — and the customers were telling them was connected to the CARES Act. And that’s probably the extent of what I’ve heard on this.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Yes. And we heard we also heard that from the European team, so they got a lot of benefit from the stimulus. And again, when I look at the orders within Public Sector globally — I mean again, a ton of it is in getting this — it’s in Security and Collaboration, so working from home, doing school from home. And like Chuck said, the K-12 education globally is very favorable.

Sami BadriCredit Suisse — Analyst

Thank you.

Marilyn MoraHead of Investor Relations

Thanks, Sami. Chuck, I’ll turn it over to you for some last comments.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Yes. I think first thing I’ll say is that I’m really proud of our team and how hard they’re working and how committed they are to our customers and making sure that we’re taking care of them during these complex times. And obviously, we’re trying to take care of our employees during these complex times. But I really want to just focus on thanking Kelly.

It’s been an incredible partnership. We’ve had a lot of fun. And I think that there’s a lot of love in the investor community for you. We’re going to miss you, but we are excited about Scott.

But Kelly, thanks for everything you’ve done for us.

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

No. I appreciate it, Chuck. It’s been great working with you. And again, I do appreciate everybody in the industry, and it’s been great relationships.

But Scott — I think it’s great that Scott is coming. He’s going to be fantastic for the company. But thanks for everything, Chuck.

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

And Kelly actually helped us make that choice. So you guys can feel good that — she helped us vet the candidates and was very supportive on Scott’s — on the decision for Scott. So thank you all for joining us today, and we look forward to talking to you again next quarter.

Marilyn MoraHead of Investor Relations

Thanks, Chuck. Thanks, Kelly. So in closing, Cisco’s next quarterly earnings conference call, which will reflect our fiscal 2021 second quarter results, will be on Tuesday, February 9, 2021, at 1:30 p.m. Pacific Time, 4:30 p.m.

Eastern Time. Again, I’d like to remind the audience that in light of Regulation FD, Cisco’s policy is not to comment on its financial guidance during the quarter, unless it is done through an explicit public disclosure. We now plan to close the call. But if you have any further questions, feel free, as always, to reach out to the investor relations team, and we thank you very much for joining the call.

Operator

[Operator signoff]

Duration: 50 minutes

Call participants:

Marilyn MoraHead of Investor Relations

Chuck RobbinsChairman and Chief Executive Officer

Kelly KramerChief Financial Officer

Ittai KidronOppenheimer and Company — Analyst

Paul SilversteinCowen and Company — Analyst

Rod HallGoldman Sachs — Analyst

Meta MarshallMorgan Stanley Investment Research — Analyst

Tim LongBarclays — Analyst

Jim SuvaCitigroup Investment Research — Analyst

Tal LianiBank of American Merrill Lynch — Analyst

Amit DaryananiEvercore ISI — Analyst

Samik ChatterjeeJ.P. Morgan — Analyst

Aaron RakersWells Fargo Securities — Analyst

Simon LeopoldRaymond James — Analyst

James FishPiper Sandler — Analyst

Sami BadriCredit Suisse — Analyst

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